LDPE Resin

Low Density Polyethylene Resin

LDPE Low Density Polyethylene

  • CAS NO.:9002-88-4
  • HS Code: 39011020
  • MF:  (C2H4)n
  • Appearance: Waxy White Resin
  • LDPE resin(low density polyethylene LDPE) is a thermoplastic obtained by free radical polymerization of ethylene under high pressure. So it is also called high pressure polyethylene. It is the lightest variety of polyethylene resin, with good flexibility, extensibility, electrical insulation, transparency, easy processing and certain air permeability.  LDPE resin is mainly used for film products, but also for injection molding products, medical appliances, pharmaceutical and food packaging materials, blow molding hollow molding products, etc.

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Hot Sale Models of LDPE Resin

Sabic LDPEGrades
General grade2102NOW, 2102N3W, 2402H3W, HP2022JN, HP2023JN, HP2023NN,
Film grade2100NO, 2100NOW, 2101NOW, 2200HO, 2200H2, 2201HO, 2201H1, 2201H3W, 2404H4, 2404NO,  2500NO, 2501NO, 2501NOW, 2600HO, HP0322N, HP0322NN, HP0323NN, HP0722NN, HP0723JN, HP0823NN, HP20023, HP2025NN, HP2027LN, HP2027NN, HP4023WN, HP4024N, HP4023WN, HP4023WN, HP4027JN, HP4027NN, HP7022, HP7023
Tubular grade2005EC, 2008NO, 2015NO, 2308NO, 2402H3W , 2404NO,
Masterbatch grade1965NO,
Ultra Melt Strength (UMS) grade1905UO, 2202UO
Foam applications2004CX3, 2102XO, 2102X3, 2402CXO, 2600HO, 2602X1, HP0323NN, HP0823NN, HP2024JDF, HP2024NDF,
Food grade1922NO, 2201HOW, 2201H1W, 2602HOW, 2801HOW,
blown film extrusion grade2202H3W, 2402HO, HP0321NN, HP0723JN, HP0724NN, HP4025ZN,
Marlex LDPEGrades
Blow molding4538A, 5104
Injection Molding1007, 1009, 1122B, 1412, KN226
Blown Film1122, 5335, 5561, 5563, 5613, 5619, 5626, 5754, 5755
Cast film4571, 5428, 5429, 5430, 5440
Extrusion Coating and Lamination1013, 1017, 1018, 1019, 4517
Lotrene LDPEMG 70, LA 0710, FB 3003, FB 5026, FD 0270, FD 0274, FD 0374, FD 0474, FE 3000, FE 8000, FE 8004
ExxonMobil LDPEGrades
 LD 051.LQ, LD 071 Series, LD 080 Series, LD 100.BW, LD 102.LC, LD 103 Series, LD 105 Series, LD 117 Series, LD 123.LN, LD 129.DS, LD 136.MN, LD 143.DJ, LD 165.BW1, LD 200.48, LD 201.48, LD 202.48, LD 241.48, LD 302 Series, LD 306 Series, LD 312 Series, LD 313.NF, LD 317.PM, LD 319.PM, LD 331.NM, LD 419.MV, LD 506.07, LD 516.LN, LD 521.LN Blown, LD 521.LN Molding, LD 617.LN, LD 637.LI, LGA 105
DOW LDPEGrades
 LDPE 150E, LDPE 310E, LDPE 312E, LDPE 352E, LDPE 450E, LDPE 582E, LDPE 780E, LDPE 722, AGILITY EC7000, Agility EC7220, Agility XZ89166
Lyondellbasell LDPE Grades
  LD1800S, LD2420D, LD2420F, LD2420K, LD3020F, LD3020K

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More About Low Density Polyethylene LDPE

LDPE is a waxy white resin in appearance, and its structural characteristics are nonlinear, which is different from linear low density polyethylene. As a plastic material, low density polyethylene is suitable for various molding processes of thermoplastic molding processing, and has good molding processability.

  1. It is milky white, tasteless, odorless, non-toxic, matte waxy granules.
  2. The density range is 0. 910 ~ 0. 925g/cms, which is the lightest variety of polyethylene resin except ultra-low density polyethylene.
  3. Its molecular structure is a branched molecule with long and short branches on the main chain. There are about 20 to 30 ethyl, butyl or longer branches in every 1000 carbon atoms on the main chain.
  4. Compared with high-density polyethylene and medium-density polyethylene, the crystallinity and softening point are lower, and the melt flow rate is wider.
  5. Low density polyethylene has good chemical stability, can resist acid, alkali and saline solution. It can also resist general organic solvents below 60℃.
  6. Good low temperature resistance, can work at -60℃~-80℃, excellent electrical insulation (especially high frequency insulation).
  7. The cold resistance is also relatively good. And it has the characteristics of low electrical conductivity, small dielectric constant, low dielectric loss tangent and high dielectric strength. But heat resistance, oxidation resistance and light aging performance are poor. It is often necessary to add antioxidants and UV absorbers to the application formula to improve its aging resistance.
  8. LDPE has good flexibility, extensibility, transparency, processability and a certain degree of air permeability. But its mechanical strength is lower than that of high-density polyethylene, and its moisture permeability is also poor.
  9. Adhesion, cohesiveness, and printability are poor, which can only be improved after chemical corrosion and corona treatment. Its physical and mechanical properties also vary due to different uses.
  10. Easy to burn. Under the action of sunlight and heat, it is easy to age and degrade and change color, from white to yellow to brown, and finally black, and its performance declines or cracks.

LDPE is mainly used for film products, such as agricultural films, ground covering film, vegetable greenhouse film, etc. Packaging film, such as candy, vegetable, frozen food, etc. Blown film for liquid packaging (milk, soy sauce, fruit juice, etc.), shrink packaging film, elastic film, lining film, construction film, general industrial packaging film and food bags, etc.

LDPE resin is used for injection molding products, such as small containers, lids, daily products, plastic flowers, injection-stretch blow molding containers, medical appliances, pharmaceuticals and food packaging materials.

Extruded pipe, plate, wire and cable coating, profiled material, thermoforming and other products.

Blow-molded hollow-formed products, such as food containers for daily products and jams, containers for medicines, cosmetics, chemical products, and foam plastics.

Rotational molding product are mainly used for large containers and tanks.

At present, it is commonly used in the construction industry as a waterproof material for walls, floors, foundations, etc.

Widely used as mulch film and greenhouse film in agriculture.

LDPE can also be used for the insulation layer and sheath of various cables. The main application fields include power transmission, long-distance communication, industrial and commercial instrumentation, etc.

  1. The water absorption of low density polyethylene is extremely low, less than 1/10000, and the drying procedure can be omitted before processing.
  2. LDPE will be oxidized in the air, especially at the melting temperature. During processing, it is necessary to minimize contact with air or add antioxidants.
  3. LDPE has high crystallinity and high molding shrinkage.
  4. In order to improve the printability of LDPE products, surface treatment is usually required to increase the wetting tension of the surface. The most common methods are flame or corona treatment.
  5. LDPE waste and leftovers generated during processing can be recycled.
  6. Processing conditions affect the molecular orientation and density of LDPE, which in turn affects the mechanical and optical properties of the final product.
  7. The orientation of LDPE is usually formed by freezing stress during production.This stress can be reduced by increasing the temperature, reducing the processing speed or increasing the flow path.
  8. Usually the tear strength is low in the orientation direction and the tensile strength is high. An important processing parameter is the quench rate, ie the rate at which the molten polymer cools to a solid. If the quenching speed is too fast, the density will decrease and the mechanical strength of the product will be affected.
  9. Different processing methods have different requirements onresin properties. LDPE resins with molecular weight, different densities and different degrees of long chain branching are suitable for different processing methods.

Most polyethylene products contain additives to prevent resin degradation and improve performance.

  1. Antioxidants are generally added during the production process to prevent thermal degradation of resin during processing.
  2. Outdoor products exposed to sunlight are often added with anti-ultraviolet light stabilizers to prevent photodegradation.
  3. LDPE films, especially blown films tend to stick together.Adding a small amount of lubricant, such as erucamide, can lower the coefficient of friction of the surface and reduce sticking.
  4. The anti-blocking agent generally uses diatomaceous earth with a particle size of 5-15 μm.Fine silica gel is also used as an anti-blocking agent, but it will roughen the surface and reduce the transparency.
  5. Other commonly used additives are antistatic agents, which are often added to molded products to reduce dust absorption. Pigments are often added in the form of masterbatches. Flame retardant, reduce the flammability of products. Crosslinking agents, such as organic peroxides, are commonly used in wire and cable. Blowing agents, such as organic compounds that emit gas, are used in the production of foamed sheets. Degradation additives to facilitate photodegradation and biodegradation of degradable gaps. Block control agents, such as polybutene, can be used in stretch wrap.

The method of large-scale production of low-density polyethylene in industry is high-pressure bulk polymerization. In terms of production methods, according to the different polymerization reactors used, they are often divided into two categories, kettle method and tubular method. Generally speaking, large-scale devices tend to use the tubular method. Devices that produce special grades tend to use the kettle method.

Tubular method

The reactor has a simple structure, is easy to manufacture and maintain, and can withstand high pressure. The resulting LLDPE polyethylene has less branching and is suitable for the production of transparent packaging films.

Kettle method

The structure of the reactor is complex, maintenance and installation are difficult. The resulting low density polyethylene resin have better optical properties and are easier to process into thin films.

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